The area of Bek-Tosot Conservancy is at 2500-4500 m. a.s.l., the highest peak in the area is Aidarbek, reaching 5127 m. a.s.l. Bek-Tosot Conservancy is situated in Kek-Suu and Tekelik River Gorges in Chon-Alai valley, on the border between Batken and Osh Oblasts of Kyrgyzstan. The Conservancy is near Kyrgyz-Tajik border and in some areas the border of the Conservancy is also the state border.
The diversity in habitats results in the diversity of hunting species, which include ibex (Capra ibex), wild boar (Sus scrofa), chukar partridge (Alectoris chukar) and Himalayan snowcocks (Tetraogallus himalayensis). A number of regionally and globally threatened species visit the area of the Conservancy such as: snow leopard (Panthera uncia), saker falcon (Falco cherrug), cinereous vulture (Aegypius monachus), and notably Eurasian otter (Lutra lutra), which is only present in Kyrgyzstan in this area. There are also a number of other species of conservation interest listed in the Kyrgyz Red Data Book: brown bear (Ursus arctos), stone marten (Martes foina), bearded vulture (Gypaetus barbatus), Himalayan vulture (Gyps himalayensis), golden eagle (Aquila chrysaetos), Eurasian griffon (Gyps fulvus), Eurasian eagle-owl (Bubo bubo).
Additional species of interest include: lynx (Lynx lynx), wolf (Canis lupus), marmot (Marmota baibacina), Tian Shan apollo (Parnassius tianshanicus) and swallowtail (Papilio machaon). This diversity emphasizes the necessity of actions to conserve the territory, its habitats and species.
The Public Union (Conservancy) Bek-Tosot was established in 2015 at the meeting of stakeholders in Chak village. The Public Union successfully collaborates with Ilbirs Public Fund towards successful implementation of its conservation program, and continues to collaborate with Panthera Conservancy Organization through the Ilbirs Fund.
The head of the Conservancy, elected by an assembly of all members for a 2 year term, is Jyrgalbek Isaev, while the founding members of the Conservancy are: Meiraj Erenbaev, Abtikarim Rysbaev, Suyunbai Kuttugaliev, Alimkul Isaev, Abdykadyr Isaev, Baatyrbek Begmataev, Omurbek Matimarov, Esenkeldi Butabaev, Amat Gazybekov, Ajibek Imarov, Hurseyit Rakhmanberdiev, Ayup Konurbaev, Baky Eshmamatov, Jusup Tagaev, Shainazar Majitov, Myrzakarim Abdyldaev.
Poaching is the main threat to wildlife and ecosystem conservation in the area. The area is relatively accessible and densely populated. This makes this area very attractive for poachers. The area of the Conservancy is also close to Tajikistan, which makes it sensitive due to the vicinity of the border. Thus, the local border guards should patrol the area and restrict the usage of firearms in the region. This makes the conservancy a better-protected area and opens a potential for a mutual beneficial relationship of the border patrol and the local population if joint patrols of the area are to be conducted.
The main aim of the nature conservancy is to maintain the sustainable wildlife population and natural resources by preventing illegal hunting and harvest, ensuring appropriate, enduring livelihoods for the local population.